The First Myanmar Empiror was founded in early 11th Century by King Anawrahta who unified the country through his strong leadership and intellect. Ther Empiror with its capital at Bagan lasted until the end of 13th century with the invasion of the Mongols. This was more than 20 years before the Norman Conquest of England in 1066. The Second Myanmar Empire with its capital in Bago (Pegu) was founded in mid-16th century by King Bayinnaung. The Third and the last Myanmar Empire was founded by King Alaungpaya in 1752. In the 19th Century, during the peak period of colonialism, Myanmar was annexed in three stages by British after three Anglo-Burma War in 1825,1852 and 1885. During the Second World War, Myanmar was occupied by Japanese for nearly three years until the Allied Forces’ reoccupation in 1945. Myanmar became a ouvereign independence state on January 4,1948.
Myanmar is a union of over 100 nationalities with their own dialects and traditions. The name Myanmar embrances all the nationalities. The population of Myanmar is over 60 millions with Bamar, the majority race, making up about 70 percent.
Predominantly a Buddhist country with more than 80 percent of the population. There are also Christian, Islam, Hindu and some animists.
Myanmar has its own beautiful culture. Buddhism has a great influence on the daily lives of Myanmar people. The people have preserved the traditions of close family family ties, respect for the elders and simple native dress. While tolerance and contentment are the characteristic of of the people, Myanmar hospitality is legendary.
The official language is Myanmar. English and Mandarin is widely spoken and understood.
The country has a tropical monsoon climate. November to February is the coolest period (15-25 C). March to May is the hottest period (25-33 C). May to September is the Monsoon, rainy season. Rain is not heavy in the central plain.
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